Periodontal disease is an advanced disease that affects the soft tissue of your gums. It typically develops as a result of poor oral hygiene, but other factors may play into its development. It’s important to seek treatment at the earliest stages of gum disease in order to prevent serious complications later.
Soft Tissue Damage
Soft tissue damage is one of the earliest consequences of periodontal disease. You may notice that your gums bleed easily when you floss or brush your teeth, which can leave a bad taste in your mouth. You may also find that you have persistent bad breath. As periodontal disease progresses, your gums may begin to pull away from the roots of your teeth, leading to areas of sensitivity.
Jaw Damage and Tooth Loss
Advancing periodontal disease causes you to lose gum mass and bone tissue in your jaws. This can lead to poor tooth support, causing them to become loose or start to shift out of position. Once that occurs, it will change how your teeth fit together, potentially resulting in a poor bite and eventual tooth loss.
Other Health Consequences of Periodontal Disease
The bacteria that cause periodontal disease can spread through your body after entering the blood supply via your gum tissue. When these bacteria enter your bloodstream, your risk of coronary heart disease increases. Untreated periodontal disease also increases your risk of stroke. Some patients experience worsening symptoms of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Diabetics may have more difficulty controlling blood sugar levels, and arthritis symptoms may worsen. If you’re pregnant, there’s an increased risk of premature birth or low birth weight.
Call the office of Alex Avanessian, DDS, the natural choice when you need more information or treatment for periodontal disease.