Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that are prevalent in the mouth. Brushing and flossing twice per day removes most of the bacteria before it can form a damaging film. Poor dental hygiene and other factors such as the use of certain medications, smoking, or malocclusion put you at an increased risk for periodontal disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
In the early stage of periodontal disease, your gums may swell, turn from pink to red, and bleed when you brush or floss. The gum tissue may pull away from your teeth, exposing their roots. You could also have persistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.
Complications of Periodontal Disease
If periodontal disease is not treated, it can become chronic. Chronic periodontal disease may cause your teeth to become loose and shift in your gums. Your teeth could begin falling out. Jawbone tissue can also be lost. If the bacteria are able to get into your bloodstream, you have an increased risk of developing other health conditions, such as stroke or diabetes.
Periodontal Disease Treatment Options
If periodontal disease is detected in the early stages, it can be reversed through noninvasive procedures such as root planing and scaling. These procedures remove the bacteria film and smooth the roots of the teeth to make them less hospitable to new bacterial growth. If periodontal disease has progressed, more intensive treatments may be needed. If gum tissue has been lost, soft tissue grafts may be needed. Soft tissue can be taken from the palate or cheeks or from a donated source. Bone grafts or the application of a protein matrix can help to restore lost bone.
When you need diagnosis and treatment for periodontal disease, turn to Alex Avanessian, DDS.