Bacteria that make their way into your gum tissue attack your tooth roots, cause receding gums and make your teeth loose. Periodontal disease also increases your risk of tooth loss. With prompt and thorough periodontal treatment, you can prevent progression of the disease and reverse the damage to your teeth, gums and jaws.
Nonsurgical Interventions for Periodontal Disease
If your periodontal disease is in the early stages, one of the several nonsurgical approaches may be enough to reverse the damage and restore your oral health. Antibiotics may be prescribed to eliminate the bacteria infecting yo
ur gum tissue. Root planing is a procedure involving smoothing of the roots of your teeth to discourage bacterial growth, plaque formation and the release of bacterial endotoxins. Root scaling involves the removal of tartar and plaque from below your gum line.
Surgical Periodontal Treatments
Advanced periodontal disease demands more intensive treatments to prevent further damage. Soft tissue grafts promote the growth of new gum tissue around your teeth. Bone grafts can restore some of the lost bone mass from your jaws. A protein matrix may be applied to enhance the growth of bone cells in your jaws. Pocket reduction surgery rearranges your soft tissue and removes bacteria from your tooth roots. An application of enamel regeneration matrix to your tooth roots can be performed simultaneously, which helps to strengthen the roots of your teeth.
What Happens Without Periodontal Treatment
Without periodontal treatment, your teeth could become loose. You might lose soft tissue and bone in your jaws, which could also result in tooth loss. Advanced periodontitis is present in more than 42 percent of adults over the age of 30 in the U.S.
Contact Alex Avanessian, DDS at La Jolla Center for Periodontal & Implant Aesthetics the next time you need periodontal treatment.